glob

Plugin

ArgDescriptionType
globsOne or more glob patterns to apply to the filesystem.list of string (required)
rootThe root directory to glob from (default ‘’).OSPath
accessorAn accessor to use.string
nosymlinkIf set we do not follow symlinks.bool
recursion_callbackA VQL function that determines if a directory should be recursed (e.g. “x=>NOT x.Name =~ ‘proc’”).string
one_filesystemIf set we do not follow links to other filesystems.bool

Description

Retrieve files based on a list of glob expressions

The glob() plugin is one of the most used plugins. It applies a glob expression in order to search for files by file name. The glob expression allows for wildcards, alternatives and character classes. Globs support both forward and backslashes as path separators. They also support quoting to delimit components.

A glob expression consists of a sequence of components separated by path separators. If a separator is included within a component it is possible to quote the component to keep it together. For example, the windows registry contains keys with forward slash in their names. Therefore we may use these to prevent the glob from getting confused:

HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\Microsoft\Windows\"Some Key With http://www.microsoft.com/"\Some Value

Glob expressions are case insensitive and may contain the following wild cards:

  • The * matches one or more characters.
  • The ? matches a single character.
  • Alternatives are denoted by braces and comma delimited: {a,b}
  • Recursive search is denoted by a **. By default this searches 3 directories deep. If you need to increase it you can add a depth number (e.g. **10)

By default globs do not expand environment variables. If you need to expand environment variables use the expand() function explicitly:

glob(globs=expand(string="%SystemRoot%\System32\Winevt\Logs\*"))

Example

The following searches the raw NTFS disk for event logs.

SELECT FullPath FROM glob(
globs="C:\Windows\System32\Winevt\Logs\*.evtx",
accessor="ntfs")

The root parameter

If the root parameter is specified, we start globbing from this directory - i.e. the glob pattern is appended to the root parameter. The root parameter is useful if the directory name itself may contain glob characters.

On Unix like operating systems symlinks are used extensively. Symlinks complicate the job of the glob() plugin because they break the assumption that filesystems are trees. Instead a symlink may form a cycle or create very deep directories within the filesystem.

By default glob() follows symlinks but also checks for cycles by checking that a target of a symlink has not been seen before. You can disable this behavior with nosymlink=TRUE

Setting a recursion callback

Sometimes it is useful to prevent glob() from recursing into a directory. For example, if we know a directory can not possibly contain a hit we can avoid descending into it at all. This more efficient than simply eliminating the matching rows in the WHERE clause.

You can provide a recursion callback (in the form of a VQL lambda function) to let glob() know if it should be recursing a directory. The glob() plugin will call the lambda with current directory entry and if the lambda returns a true value will recurse into it.

For example consider the following query which searches for pem files in all directories other than /proc, /sys or /snap

SELECT * FROM glob(globs='/**/*.pem',
    recursion_callback="x=>NOT x.Name =~ '^/(proc|sys|snap)'")
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