to_dict

Function

ArgDescriptionType
itemAny

Description

Construct a dict from a query.

Sometimes we need to build a dict object where both the names of the keys and their values are not known in advance - they are calculated from another query. In this case we can use the to_dict() function to build a dict from a query. The query needs to emits as many rows as needed with a column called _key and one called _value. The to_dict() will then construct a dict from this query.

Notes

  1. In VQL all dicts are ordered, so the order in which rows appear in the query will determine the dict’s key order.

  2. VQL dicts always have string keys, if the _key value is not a string the row will be ignored.

Example

The following (rather silly) example creates a dict mapping Pid to ProcessNames in order to cache Pid->Name lookups. We then resolve Pid to Name within other queries. Note the use of <= to materialize the dict into memory once.

LET PidLookup <= to_dict(item={
    SELECT str(str=Pid) AS _key, Name AS _value
    FROM pslist()
})

SELECT Pid, get(item=PidLookup, field=str(str=Pid))
FROM pslist()
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